The Yalta Conference was a meeting of the top leaders of the Soviet Union (Joseph Stalin), the United Kingdom (Winston Churchill) and the United States (Franklin D. Roosevelt). It took place from February 4 to 11, 1945, in Livadia Palace, near the Crimean resort of Yalta. It was preceded by the Malta Conference of January 31-February 3, 1945, where the Allies agreed to present a united front to Stalin on planning the final campaign against German and Japanese troops, and on limiting the Red Army's advance into Central Europe. The aims of the Yalta conference were as follows:
- adopt a common strategy to hasten the end of the Second World War;
- settle the fate of Europe after the defeat of the Third Reich;
- guarantee the stability of the new world order after victory.
Stalin's main objective was to secure confirmation of the results of the inter-allied Moscow conference of October 9, 1944, outlining a plan for the post-war division of Southeastern Europe into "zones of influence". These results, together with those of the second Quebec Conference, led to the "Cold War". The official Soviet post-war version was based on the concern to "preserve the Soviet Union from future attacks, as in 1914 and 1941, by protecting it with a territorial and political glacis". To this end, Soviet diplomacy began by creating a Poland led by a government friendly to the Soviet Union.
Churchill and Roosevelt, for their part, sought a promise from Stalin that the Soviet Union would enter the war against Japan within three months of Germany's surrender, and both were prepared to make concessions to achieve this.
Stalin negotiated from a position of strength, as Soviet troops were now only a hundred kilometers from Berlin.Wikipedia source