Stalag Luft III was a prisoner-of-war (POW) camp for pilots during the Second World War. Escape attempts were numerous, and the best-known escape took place on the night of March 24, 1944. The escape was organized by Committee "X", created in the spring of 1943 and led by Major Roger Bushell. Through a 111 m-long tunnel, dug to a depth of 10 m, 76 pilots managed to escape from the camp. The Germans tracked down the escapees all over the country, and all but three were recaptured: two Norwegians and one Dutchman. On Hitler's orders, 50 of the recaptured prisoners were shot. This episode was immortalized in the film The Great Escape.