In June 1944 Marsoulas was a small village of 135 inhabitants. Its population has been boosted by the arrival of refugees , particularly from Toulouse, who fled the Allied bombardments on Toulouse in April/May 1944.
The inhabitants are mainly farmers, craftsmen and workers. The village lives to the rhythm of the fields and religious festivals.
ThisSaturday June 10 is a rainy day, the harvest is already well advanced and the inhabitants are quietly waking up.
The maquis de Betchat knew it was threatened by a German operation. Its leader Max had sent out scouts to warn of any German approach. Two maquisards Camille Weinberg, 31, and Jean-Marie Manens, 16 kept watch from the church roof. A column of 120 men divided into two cars and seven tarpaulin-covered trucks, the 10th Company enters Marsoulas at around 7:30 a.m.
From the roof, the Maquisards see only the lead vehicle and open fire. The German retaliation was immediate. The 10th company commander gives the order to execute everyone. Squads enter the houses and kill everyone inside. The houses are pilled, everything that can be eaten, drunk or sold is taken away. Some houses are spared, however.
In less than an hour entire families are decimated. 27 inhabitants from 3 months to 65 years including 11 children , 6 women and 10 men are assassinated. Four inhabitants were wounded.
At the end of the day, Maquisard Camille Weinberg was found dead on the church roof.
Photo credit and contribution Raphaël Mégard, text taken from the panel.